Fermenting vegetables is an efficient way of cooking. Fermentation is not a new process. During ancient times people have already started the use of fermentation techniques.
In this post, we are going to learn how to ferment vegetables and recipes. In addition to that, there are several things we need to care, during this process. Fermentation is not a complex process but there are some things we should consider.
HOW TO FERMENT VEGETABLES: WHAT IS FERMENTATION?
The first question that pops in our minds surely be the same. Although fermentation is a day old process many people are not aware of it. Furthermore, there are many things which we should consider so deep scanning is essential.
Basically, fermentation is a chemical process. It involves chemical changes in substance especially organic ones. For fermentation, we need yeast and other microbes to carry on the process. Scientifically speaking it is a metabolic process.
The above-stated definition of fermentation is the scientific one. Fermentation is not a complex process like it sounds. Among all the fermentation techniques, Lacto fermentation is the best.
HOW TO FERMENT VEGETABLES: ADVANTAGES OF FERMENTATION
There are various advantages of fermenting vegetables. This also helps in curing various diseases. There are numerous advantages of fermented vegetables, these are:
We have heard that fresh food is good for health. This process does not follow the same. From ancient times, people have been using this method for preserving various food items.
The bacteria which helps in this process protect the food from spoiling. Although we can say that fermentation is a magical natural process for preventing spoilage of food items. Some scientists say that this process does not stop spoiling but spoiling under these microbes is not bad for health.
Furthermore, there are various health benefits of fermentation. Actually the most important benefit of this process is related to our health.
1. Helps Indigestion
In this process, the microbes release various enzymes. These enzymes help in breaking down sugar and starch present in the food. In the digestion of food, various enzymes present in our food helps in breaking down the starch.
Fermentation helps in breaking down this starch and sugar out of the body. Fermentation breaks down lactose present in the milk. Furthermore, it also breaks down various fats.
2. Increases Immunity
There is no doubt that fermentation helps in making the immune system strong. The enzymes and acid released through microbes make the whole immune system more robust.
In addition to that, they also make the food richer in various proteins. Hence, automatically it helps in making the immune system strong.
3. Extra Nutrients
The fermentation process makes the food richer in various vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. Furthermore, it additionally adds some more nutrients which are fruitful for the body.
This process helps in making some specific vitamins such as vitamin B and vitamin K.
HOW TO FERMENT VEGETABLES?
You can carry out fermentation in many ways. This is due to the reason that there are many ways of generating yeats. The thing you should keep in mind is that you must follow all the guidelines.
This process does not require special concern but you should maintain the condition which is required for this process.
Step By Step Guide
You should consider these steps dedicatedly for effective results. In addition to this, there are some limitations which we should concern. After this, you can carry out fermentation at your home easily.
Although there is some equipment that is essential for fermentation, greater concern on them is important. You will get to know about them in the post further. To eliminate any complexity, you need to keep in mind some special things.
Step 1: Choose the vessel for fermentation.
The very first step in this process is to choose the best equipment. In addition to this, you don’t need any other special equipment for this process. Actually, the equipment you need for this process is a glass jar. Despite the same, you can also use jars of other metal for this process. Do not use jars of aluminum metal because it reacts and forms inappropriate salts.
Apart from this, you don’t need to assist any other special equipment. Especially fermentation is a process that does not require many tools and equipment. In the end, you can get efficient results through simple tools and equipment.
Step 2: Prepare the vegetables.
This is one of the most important steps in this whole process since preparing the vegetables for fermentation helps in getting efficient results. You can grate, slice, and chop the vegetables.
Apart from them, you can even use whole vegetables for fermentation too. We need to take special care that it is a different nature for each and every vegetable. Grating the vegetable is for crunchy vegetables such as zucchini. On the other hand vegetables like radish do not require any extra process.
Step 3: Add the salt and prepare the brine.
In the next step, you need to add salt and water for the fermentation process. Especially sea salt is the best salt for fermentation. You can use other types of salts such as rock salt and table salt for the purpose too.
For preparing the brine solution you need to mix salt and water in a perfect ratio. There is about 2% Brine solution for effective fermentation results. Brine is very necessary for carrying out the whole process. There should be 2 grams of salt for a hundred grams of the table.
Step 4: Put vegetables in the brine solution.
In this step, you need to two put the tables under the brand solution. The vessel is the same that we have chosen in the first step. Please make sure that the vessel you are using is humidity free.
Submit the vegetable such that the whole surfaces of the vegetables are under the brine solution.
THINGS YOU SHOULD CONSIDER WHILE CARRYING OUT FERMENTATION
While carrying out fermentation there is a set of things that are essential. Fermentation is a biochemical process and it requires proper concern in every part. Additionally, you should always keep an eye to prevent your jar is free from molds and fungi.
Please always keep in mind that there is no space for air in the jar during the whole process.
For effective results, you need to monitor the temperature in which you are keeping your vessel. First of all, you need to leave the vessel at room temperature for about three days.
After the same, you need to keep the fermentation vessel in the refrigerator further. Many people do not follow the same procedure. Due to which they ended up getting the wrong results.
2. Amount Of Salt
Salt is a special ingredient in this process. The brine solution should contain about 2% salt. You need to mark that the amount of salt should not exceed 2%. If the amount of salt is less than 2%, you will not get the taste you wanted.
Furthermore, you can also use vinegar and another acetic acid. These ingredients are in making the whole process quite efficient.
3. Methods Considering The Nature Of Vegetable
There are various steps in the whole process of fermentation. You need to take the special consideration that you are choosing those methods which are good for your vegetable.
Actually, different vegetables contain different acids and other chemical materials. Hence, the fermentation process of every one of them is different.
RECIPES RELATED TO FERMENTATION
Fermentation is the process that makes various dishes tasty. From traditional dishes to fast food many people use fermentation as one of the basic cooking techniques. Here are some recipes in which fermentation is quite necessary.
1. Simple Sauerkraut
Take some shreds of cabbage and put the same in a fermentation jar you can even sprinkle some sea salt or any other salt further as per your wish.
Fill up the jar with extract water from the vegetable. Make sure that the shreds of cabbage totally cover the extracted water. You can also use brine water for the same purpose. The use of sea salt for making brine water is best.
With all your efforts press and put the vegetable inside the jar. Place a lid over the vessel and cover with a clean cloth. You need to place the jar in a warm place. In addition to this, you need to take the concern that you are placing it there for 7 to 10 days.
In the end, keep a regular check on the fermentation jar. You can check the taste regularly. In most of the cases, you will get the satisfied test in 10 days.
2. Sour Pickle
It is a famous dish. But you might not know all the procedures for efficient sour pickle. Here are the steps by which you can get the best pickle as per your taste.
In the very first app, you need to soak the cucumbers or any other vegetable in cold water. After this process, you need to further ensure that scrub the cucumber to prevent any mold or fungi.
After you have prepared the cucumber you need to put them in your jar along with garlic and other spices. You can even sprinkle from sea salt over them. After the same, you need to prepare the brine solution. Fill the jar with brine.
Now you need to ensure that you are putting the jar in a warm place. Place it in such a place where there is no disturbance. It takes about 10 days for fermentation.
Do not disturb the fermentation jar for about 10 days. After 10 days you can check the taste. If you are satisfied with the taste you can store it in the fridge and can use it in the future.
3. Lacto Fermented Vegetable Medley
This is a special dish that requires the use of various vegetables. In addition to this, you can even use different spices. You can also call this dish summer vegetable medley.
In the very first step, you need to combine cauliflower, apples, carrot, onions, and ginger in a fermentation jar. Mix them up and sprinkle sea salt over the mixture.
There should be a difference of 1 inch between the mixture and top of the jar. Add extracted water from the vegetables. In the place of extracted water, you can also prepare brine and use it. The brine solution is effective for the fermentation process. Extracted water should be your first choice.
Find a warm place in your home. Furthermore, you need to ensure that you are not disturbing it for around 5 days. But if you want you can swiftly check it regularly to prevent any mold and fungi.
In the end, make sure that after 5 days you will check the jar to get the taste. If you are not satisfied with the test you can store it for a longer time. If you are satisfied with the taste you can further store it in the fridge.
WHAT ECOLOGY SECRETS HAS TO SAY…
Fermentation is an efficient process. Additionally, fermentation is also good for curing health issues. Even after this process enzymes add a lot of nutrients into your dish. There are some things which you should keep in your mind further.
But always remember to keep the temperature and the number of materials in mind. Never neglect the fermentation jar for a longer time. People recommend not disturbing the fermentation jar, but always keeping an eye to ensure that the jar is free of molds.